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Proposition 1 (HJR 21) (Propuesta 1)

Official Ballot Language:The constitutional amendment authorizing the legislature to provide for an exemption from ad valorem taxation of part of the market value of the residence homestead of a partially disabled veteran or the surviving spouse of a partially disabled veteran if the residence homestead was donated to the disabled veteran by a charitable organization for less than the market value of the residence homestead and harmonizing certain related provisions of the Texas Constitution. Lenguaje oficial en la boleta electoral:Enmienda constitucional que autoriza a la legislatura a ofrecer una exención del impuesto ad valorem de parte del valor de mercado de la residencia principal de un veterano parcialmente discapacitado o del cónyuge sobreviviente de un veterano parcialmente discapacitado si la residencia principal fue donada al veterano discapacitado por una organización benéfica por menos del valor de mercado de la residencia y que armoniza ciertas disposiciones relacionadas de la Constitución de Texas.Explanation:The Texas Constitution, Art. 8, Sec. 1-b(1), allows the legislature to provide a partial homestead exemption for a partially disabled veteran or the surviving spouse equal to the percentage of the disability if the homestead was donated at nocost to the disabled veteran.Proposition 1 would amend the constitution to allow the legislature to entitle a partially disabled veteran or the surviving spouse to a partial homestead exemption even if the homestead was donated at somecost to the veteran. The enabling legislation, HB 150, allows partially disabled veterans to claim a property tax exemption if they paid 50 percent or less of the market value for the house donated to them by a charity. Explicación:La Constitución de Texas, Art. 8, Sec. 1-b (1), permite que la legislatura proporcione una exención parcial del impuesto a la propiedad para un veterano parcialmente incapacitado o el cónyuge que le sobrevive equivalente al porcentaje de la discapacidad si la vivienda fue donada sin costo alguno para el veterano discapacitado.La Propuesta 1 enmendará la constitución para permitir que la legislatura le otorgue derecho a un veterano con incapacidad parcial o el cónyuge que le sobrevive a una exención parcial incluso si la vivienda fue donada con algúncosto para el veterano. La legislación habilitante, HB 150, permite a los veteranos con discapacidad parcial poder reclamar una exención de impuestos a la propiedad si se pagó el 50 por ciento o menos del valor del mercado de la casa donada a ellos por una organización benéfica.
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Arguments

Currently a partially disabled veteran who paid part of the cost of a donated home receives no property tax exemption. Proposition 1 would give the same property tax exemption to a partially disabled veteran who paid something toward the value of a donated home that is currently received by partially disabled veterans whose homes were donated in full.
Prpoposition 1 would continue a pattern of giving exemptions to specific groups of people. Reducing the taxes on specific groups usually means other groups must absorb the tax burden.

The legislature should focus its efforts on reducing the tax burden on everyone.

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